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Transitional Species

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Fossils of deceased creatures are not evidence of evolution. It is only the evolutionists and their artists who concoct the story. There have been many hoaxes in the name of evolution; some are mentioned below:

Human Embryo 12 weeksHaeckel's DrawingsRight: Haeckel’s drawings of 1874 depicting similarities of embryos of different species which he had published in Anthropogenie, in Germany in 1874. Far right: Human embryo at about 12 weeks and approximately 60 mm (2.25 inches) long.

When Darwin put forward his theory, he expected that paleontologists would find millions of intermediate species. In fact he wrote:

Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and gravest objection which can be urged against my theory. The explanation lies, I believe, in the extreme imperfection of the geological record.[4]

Archaeopteryx-model - CopyArchaeopteryx FossilOver 150 years later there are only a handful of hotly disputed candidates, of which Archaeopteryx is the best example. It is claimed to be an intermediate between a reptile and a bird because it has some skeletal characteristics similar to a small dinosaur and it had teeth as well. However, many extinct birds had teeth (above left the fossil and above right the model). There is no doubt that it is a bird; for one thing, it was fully feathered and had a wishbone for the attachment of muscles for the downward stroke of its wings. Its bones were hollow, which enables all birds to fly. In fact, Dr Alan Feduccia, professor and former Head of Biology at the University of North Carolina and an evolutionist himself, stated:

Paleontologists have tried to turn Archaeopteryx into an earth-bound dinosaur. But it’s not. It is a bird, a perching bird. And no amount of paleobabble is going to change that.[5]                           

Dr Colin Patterson makes the following point in response to a question regarding the lack of transitional species in his book, Evolution:[6]

I wrote the text of my book four years ago. If I were to write it now, I think the book would be rather different. Gradualism is a concept I believe in, not just because of Darwin’s authority, but because my understanding of genetics seems to demand it. Yet Gould and the American Museum people are hard to contradict when they say there are no transitional fossils. As a paleontologist myself, I am much occupied with the philosophical problems of identifying ancestral forms in the fossil record. You say that I should at least show a photo of the fossil from which each type of organism was derived. I will lay it on the line; there is not one such fossil for which one could make a watertight argument.[7]

The power of this statement is compounded by the fact that at the time Dr Patterson was in charge of possibly the largest collection of fossils in the world.

The renowned evolutionist Stephen Jay Gould wrote:

The absence of fossil evidence for intermediary stages between major transitions in organic design, indeed our inability, even in our imagination, to construct functional intermediates in many cases, has been a persistent and nagging problem for gradualistic accounts of evolution.[8]

Gould even said in another place:

The extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology. The evolutionary trees that adorn our textbooks have data only at the tips and nodes of their branches … in any local area, a species does not arise gradually by the gradual transformation of its ancestors; it appears all at once and ‘fully formed.’[9]

Forty years of research led Professor N Heribert Hilsson of Lund University, Sweden, to write:

It is not even possible to make a caricature of evolution out of palaeobiological facts. The fossil material is now so complete that the lack of transitional species cannot be explained by the scarcity of the material. The deficiencies are real; they will never be filled.[10]

[1] National Geographic, 1999, 196 (5), pages 98–107.

[2] Natural Sciences of Belgium, 45 (4), February 10, 1969.

[3] J. Safarti, Creation, 1999, 21 (3), pages 28–31.

[4] Darwin, C. (1859) The Origin of Species (Reprint of the first edition) Avenel Books, Crown Publishers, New York, 1979, page 292.

[5] V. Morell, Archaeopteryx: Early Bird Catches a Can of Worms, Science, February 1993, 259 (5096), pages 764-5.

[6] C. Patterson, Evolution, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978.

[7] Personal letter written 10 April 1979, from Dr. Colin Patterson, Senior Palaeontologist at the British Museum of Natural History in London, to Luther D. Sunderland; as quoted in Darwin’s Enigma by Luther D. Sunderland (Master Books, San Diego, USA, 1984, page 89.

[8] S. J. Gould, Evolution Now: A Century After Darwin, ed. John Maynard Smith, Macmillan, 1982, page 140.

[9] S. J. Gould, Evolution’s Erratic Pace, Natural History, 86 (5):14, May 1977.

[10] Cited by Scott M. Huse, The Collapse of Evolution, Baker Books, 1983, page 58.